Article 33 of the Charter of the United Nations provides that 'The parties to any dispute, the continuance of which is likely to endanger the maintenance of international peace and security, shall, first of all, seek a solution by negotiation, enquiry, mediation, conciliation, arbitration, judicial settlement, resort to regional agencies or arrangements, or other peaceful means of their own choice.' The Charter envisages roles for the Secretary-General, the Security Council and the General Assembly, among others, in the peaceful settlement of disputes; and UN resolutions and practice have further contributed to the development of the peacemaking functions of the Organization.

  • Secretary-General & Mediation

    The good offices and mediation roles of
    the Secretary-General in the prevention
    and the peaceful settlement of disputes
    derive from the Charter and have been
    developed through extensive practice.
    These roles can be set in motion at the
    Secretary-General’s own initiative, in
    response to a request from one or more of the parties to a dispute, or as a result
    of a request from the Security Council or
    the General Assembly.

  • Security Council & Mediation

    In accordance with Chapter VI of the
    Charter, the Security Council, as the
    organ of the United Nations invested
    with primary responsibility for the
    maintenance of international peace and
    security, shall, when it deems necessary,
    call upon the parties to a dispute of the
    nature described in Article 33 to settle it
    by the means listed in that Article.

  • General Assembly & Mediation

    In accordance with Article 10 of the
    Charter, the General Assembly is
    empowered to discuss any question or
    matter within the scope of the Charter,
    and, subject to Article 12 of the Charter,
    may make recommendations to Member
    States or to the Security Council.