• 2012 | Author: K. Ong (United States Institute for Peace - USIP)

    Managing Fighting Forces - DDR in Peace Processes

    This handbook provides guidance on the mediation and negotiation aspects of DDR and proposes ways for mediators to establish appropriate linkages between DDR and other aspects of a peace process. The handbook provides insights on how DDR is understood by armed groups and the strategies (or countermeasures) that they might adopt to delay, avoid, or manipulate the DDR program for political, economic, or security gains. It also lays out eight steps that mediators can take as they address DDR issues. The first four steps broadly correspond to the prenegotiation phase, the next three to the negotiation phase, and the last to the implementation phase.

  • 2010 | Author: United Nations (Department of Peacekeeping Operations)

    African Perspectives on Security Sector Reform

    The report highlights the discussion of the May 2010 High-level Forum on African Perspectives on SSR which focused on the emerging trends in the field of SSR, the role of intra-African SSR support, outsourcing and the role of private commercial security actors in supporting SSR and the significance of the African Union’s SSR Policy as an integral part the African Peace and Security Framework (APSA). The report presents the three main themes discussed in the forum which are national ownership, coordination of SSR assistance, and the regional dimensions of SSR. 

  • 2009 | Author: Eboe Hutchful (African Security Sector Network - ASSN)

    Security Sector Reform Provisions in Peace Agreements

    This report reviews and analyses the inclusion of SSR provisions in peace agreements and the monitoring of their implementation. It focuses on a number of peace agreements drawn from eight countries in Africa (Mozambique, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Sudan, Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sierra Leone and Liberia), two from Central America (El Salvador and Guatemala) and one from Asia (Timor Leste). The report demonstrates that there are risks in failing to integrate issues of SSR into peace negotiations and agreements at the very outset, or for doing so in a selective and superficial manner. The report details these risks and makes recommendations for future provisions in peace agreements. 

  • 2008 | Author: C.Buchanan, C.Cavanaugh, V.Grabe, A.Baaré (HD Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue)

    Negotiating Disarmament: Reflections on Guns, Fighters and Armed Violence in Peace Processes (Vol.2)

    This publication brings together a unique set of insights on security issues drawing upon the individual experiences of those involved in peace processes. From the perspective of representatives of warring parties, Vera Grabe, a leading member of the Colombian guerrilla group M-19, describes that organisation’s gravitation towards non-violence and demobilisation. From the perspective of thematic advisers to peace processes, Anton Barré shares his views and recent experience as DDR adviser over the course of the negotiations in northern Uganda, while mediator Ambassador Carey Cavanaugh draws on the example of Nagorno-Karabakh to address the  steps third parties may be called on to take in order to contain violence during the negotiation phase.

  • 2007 | Author: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

    The OECD Dac Handbook on Security System Reform (SSR)

    The handbook provides guidance to operationalise the DAC SSR guidelines. It is targeted at development, security, rule of law and diplomatic personnel - practitioners in field missions and those working on policy and strategy issues at headquarters. It largely follows the external assistance programme cycle and contains valuable tools to help encourage a dialogue on security and justice issues and to support an SSR process through the assessment, design and implementation phases. It also provides new guidance on monitoring, review and evaluation of SSR programmes, and highlights how to ensure greater coherence across the different actors and departments engaged in SSR.


  • 2011 | Author: L.Chounet-Cambas (HD Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue)

    Negotiating ceasefires: Dilemmas & Options for Mediators

    This publication examines the purpose and content of ceasefire agreements, discuss challenges mediators may face as they approach ceasefire negotiations and introduce some options available to them.

  • 2010 | Author: N.Haysom, J.Hottinger

    Do’s and Don’ts of Sustainable Ceasefire Agreements

    The purpose of this paper is to examine the elements of a ceasefire agreement which would serve to facilitate the implementation and sustainability of such agreements. This paper was initially presented to the IGAD Sudan Peace Process Workshop on Detailed Security Arrangements in Sudan during the Transition. It has since been presented for discussion in Nepal, Sri Lanka and South Africa.